Using Cash Pay-Outs Instead
Many small employers are instead planning to offer a cash payout – a lump-sum of cash – for employees to purchase coverage on their own or through the new ACA marketplaces. While this may appear an attractive way to rein in health insurance costs, employers must consider the tax implications for employees and their organization. Taken together, cash pay-outs will actually increase costs overall for both employers and employees.
Employees Will Pay More...
As the example indicates, the employee’s net pay is $3,955. In comparison, if the same employee instead received a cash pay-out to purchase health insurance individually, they would make $3,595 per month. Example 2 shows how employees will end up paying more in taxes and more for their insurance when a cash pay-out is used.
As you can see, cash pay-outs will reduce overall employee compensation. When employees give workers cash to pay for their own health insurance, the money increases their gross income and in effect the monthly taxes they must pay. Additionally, the money directed toward employee premiums cannot be withdrawn pre-tax from their paycheck.
The real numbers will change depending on premium costs, tax brackets, and income level, but the message is consistent: employees will lose money. Employee Benefits Corporation has a great calculator tool that helps individuals understand the personal impact of pre-tax benefits.
... And So Will Employers
Higher salaries created by cash pay-outs also mean higher workers compensation costs, and short-term and long-term disability insurance. Since workers’ compensation replaces a portion of the employee’s salary, the higher the salary, the higher the costs. The same is true for short- and long-term disability insurance, which replaces all or part of employee salaries.
Stick With Group Health Insurance
Michele Thornton, MBA
Insurance and Benefits Consultant